Juan José Castillos


Tere is some evidence for the steps that turned communities from the absence of an institutionalized inequality to the emergence of hereditary chiefs that when successful in expanding their power base and area of dominance in Upper Egypt, resulted in regional kings and in time, the first pharaohs of a united Egypt. However, there is not much to go about as data for the frst steps, that becomes more abundant later on in predynastic Egypt, but after assessing what is available I decided to sum it up bringing together what I could identify in previous publications and from new other sources. In this paper an attempt is made to locate relevant evidence for many aspects of this transition, with special emphasis on the frst steps in this direction, and the importance of early religion and its representatives in validating the new social, political and economic reality.


Chiefs; kings; egyptian religion; predynastic; animals

Texto completo:



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