FEAR OF CRIME, VIOLENCE AND SCHOOL PERFORMANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF THE PROBABILITY OF SCHOOL FAILURE IN BRAZIL

wander plassa, Marina Silva da Cunha

Resumo


The purpose of this article is to study the school failure considering the geographical, socioeconomic, family characteristics and especially the fear of crime and violence between adolescents and young people. For that, are used data from the National Household Sample Survey - Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra e Domicílios (PNAD) - of 2009 and the econometric probit model to obtain the probability of school failure. We confirmed that the mother's education is configured among the most important determinants for the individual’s school failure. Furthermore, the higher failure probabilities fall on individuals from families with lower wealth. Moreover, results also evidence that those with fear in their own neighborhoods or were victimized possess higher probabilities of school failure, wherein the effects of physical assault would be greater, especially on women and the most vulnerable socioeconomically.

 




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22409/economica.0i0.p385

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