Correlation between insemination dose and bovine sperm traits on the in vitro embryo production outcomes

Bárbara Souza Fantin, Antônio Santana Santos Filho, Wasim Al Shebli, Júlio César Vieira Oliveira, Cláudio Coutinho Bartolomeu, André Mariano Batista, Maria Madalena Pessoa Guerra, Guilherme Arruda Cezar, Joana Amélia Senna Costa, Audrey Bagon, Carlos André Barbosa Oliveira Filho, Pábola Santos Nascimento


In the present study we aimed to test the best insemination dose for in vitro embryo production (IVEP) and to correlate sperm traits in bovine. In vitro matured oocytes were inseminated with three different sperm concentrations of the same bull: G1 (1*106 ), G2 (2*106 ) and G3 (4*106 ) sperm/mL. At 18 h post-insemination (hpi), presumptive zygotes [G1 (n=114), G2 (n=139) and G3 (n=136)] were stained to evaluate the pronuclei numbers, or continued to in vitro culture [G1 (n=102), G2 (n=111) and G3 (n=106)]. Sperm kinetics were analyzed using Computer-Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA). Sperm plasma membrane, acrosome integrity and mitochondrial activity were analyzed using fluorescent probes. In vitro fertilization (IVF) and IVEP data were compared using chisquare (P<0.05) and correlated with CASA and fluorescence data using Person Correlation (P<0.05). The IVF efficiency, cleavage and total blastocyst rates did not show any significant difference (P>0.05) among the groups. In G3, the polyspermy rate was the highest (7.4%; P<0.05) without difference (P>0.05) between G1 (0%) and G2 (0%). In G1, the early blastocyst rate was the highest (7.8%; P<0.05), without significant difference (P>0.05) between G2 (1.8%) and G3 (0.9%). The IVF efficiency and total blastocyst rates were positively correlated with curvilinear velocity (VCL) (r≃+1; P<0.05). We concluded that the reduction of insemination dose may negatively affect embryo development and VCL may be used as a parameter to improve the IVEP outcomes.



Blastocysts, CASA, Mitochondria Activity, Polyspermy

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Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária - RBCV