Laparoscopic ovum pick up (LOPU) in goats: from hormonal treatment to oocyte possible destinations

Joanna Maria Gonçalves Souza-Fabjan, Yann Locatelli, Vicente José Figueirêdo Freitas, Pascal Mermillod


Whether we are collecting oocytes from valuable donors as part of a program of in vitro embryo production (IVP) and/or to promote advances in emerging biotechnologies as cloning and transgenesis, the success rate depends on the development of methodological aspects of recovering oocytes. To succeed, sufficient number of good quality oocytes is the prerequisite for various reproductive techniques and laparoscopic ovum pick up (LOPU) is the recommended technique for obtaining them from live goats. However, the variability of the quantity and quality of the oocytes collected still limits the large-scale use of this technology. Under the current conditions, too large variability is reported with oocyte recovery rates ranging from 40 to 90%, and the number of harvested oocytes per female between 4 and 14, in different laboratories. This variability can depend on either intrinsic characteristic of the donors, such as breed, age or on aspects that we might be able to control, such as stimulation treatment, type of needle, aspiration pressure, among others. We believe that new investigations should contribute to significant improvement of LOPU yield. This review aims to report different factors influencing goat donor response for LOPU, presenting main steps for oocytes recovery as well as technical modifications proposed for improving LOPU efficiency. Furthermore, it is aimed to discuss about the potential use of goat oocytes after their recovery by LOPU and present overall results in goat IVP worldwide.


biotechnology, goat, IVF, LOPU, oocyte

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Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária - RBCV