Conception rate of lactating cows and heifers (Bos taurus X Bos indicus) for sexed and conventional semen in artificial insemination
Palavras-chave:bovinos, espermatozoides, reprodução
The objective of this study was to evaluate the conception rate of crossbred heifers (n=50) and cows (n=50) inseminated with sexed and conventional semen between 18 and 24 hours after estrous detection. The synchronization protocol of the estrous cycle started on day zero (D0) by inserting the intravaginal device with 1g progesterone (Sincrogest® Ourofino, Brazil) and injecting 2 mg of estradiol benzoate, intramuscularly (Sincrodiol® Ourofino, Brazil). On the fifth day (D5), 200 IU of equine chorionic gonadotrophin was injected intramuscularly (Folligon®, Intervet, Brazil). On the eighth day (D8), after removing the progesterone device, 500 g of sodium cloprostenol was injected intramuscularly (Sincrocio®, Ourofino, Brazil). After that, the animals were checked for estrus 3 times daily, and inseminated 18 to 24 hours after estrus detection. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed 30 to 40 days after insemination. Conception rate did not differ (P> 0.05) according to animal category, but was higher for conventional semen compared to sexed semen when evaluating the total of animals and lactating cows (P <0.05). Artificial insemination of heifers with sexed semen 18 to 24 hours after estrus detection was effective, however, conventional semen was more efficient in lactating cows.