NEAR EASTERN COLONIES AND CULTURAL INFLUENCES FROM MOROCCO TO ALGERIA BEFORE THE CARTHAGINIAN EXPANSION: A SURVEY OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE

Eleftheria Pappa

Resumo


Our core knowledge concerning the Phoenician diaspora in northwestern Africa centers around the archaeological and historical evidence of the
sites of Lixus and Mogador in Morocco, as well as the necropoleis of Tangier and the site of Rachgoun in Algeria. A less clear picture has been formed for the subsequent, so-called Punic phase. Yet ongoing surveys of large areas and archaeological investigations of sites are enhancing our knowledge of the Phoenician and Punic periods in northwestern Africa, weaving a complex picture of various degrees and types of involvement in the local milieu by people of a Near Eastern heritage. Here, the earliest Phoenician presence and developments down to the Punic period (associated with the Carthaginian expansion)
are presented, taking into account the local context as well as the settlement and mercantile activities of Phoenicians in the wider Mediterranean and the Atlantic.


Palavras-chave


Africa, Atlantic, Phoenician, Punic, Morocco, Algeria, Lixus, Mogador, Ceuta.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22409/rh.v5i2.42484

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Direitos autorais 2020 Eleftheria Pappa

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

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