Transatlantic relations between the US and the EU in the second and third decades of the 21st century - main challenges




For seven decades the transatlantic partnership was a key element of the international order after World War II. Its existence was conditioned by the involvement of the USA and Europe in striving for the socio-economic development of both regions. However, political changes, such as the growing power of China and the conflict between the European Union and Russia, lead to further evolution of the partnership. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to analyze the challenges and transformations in transatlantic relations, with particular emphasis on economic and energy aspects. This analysis mainly concerns the period of the second and third decades of the 21st century and was performed using the descriptive method. The research carried out shows that the US and EU economies are closely interconnected, although they compete with each other. Despite this phenomenon, the authors of the study noticed that transatlantic relations were stabilizing. The EU and the US quickly repaired their relations. Nevertheless, there are indications that the lack of balanced development of the EU threatens its position as an equal trading partner for the US. To prevent this, the European Union should strengthen the socio-economic development of problem regions.


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