"Co-management" revisited: sustainable use of natural resources and model of governance of Tamera/Portugal

Autores

  • Manuel Pacheco Coelho SOCIUS, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão/Universidade de Lisboa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22409/conflu16i1.p337

Palavras-chave:

Co-management, sustainability, Commons

Resumo

Political Economists’ understanding of Sustainable Development shapes perceptions of resource degradation problems and prescriptions recommended to solve them. In this context, Elinor Ostrom’s research is fundamental in the substitution of the “Tragedy of the Commons” metaphor to the more interesting “Drama of the Commons”. Of course we’ll have tragedies, in the open access regime situation. But, sometimes, we’ll have also reasons to laugh. Ostrom stresses that a commons can be well governed and that most people, when presented with a resource problem, can cooperate and act for the common good. “Co-management” and self–regulation are the keys for sustainable resource management.

This conclusion may be fundamental when trying to investigate the relation between social responsibility and environmental sustainability.

Relating social responsibility (as a special ethical positioning facing the community, including a set of values and a strategy of social inclusion and development, as well as the promotion of collective and individual citizenship) with the experiences of co-management (whose studies gave E. Ostrom the Nobel prize), is an interesting research field. A particular example of this kind of preoccupations is the land use case. Taking several cases, many researchers have been arguing that community–based management should prevent the commons tragedies and that cooperative management often results in sustainable use of agricultural land. The analysis identifies strong leadership and robust social capital as important factors of success.

This paper introduces a particular case in the south of Portugal (TAMERA/Odemira), describe this experience of co-management and evaluate its results in terms of the relation Social Responsibility / Sustainable Development.

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Biografia do Autor

Manuel Pacheco Coelho, SOCIUS, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão/Universidade de Lisboa

Doutorado e Agregado Em Economia pela Universidade de Lisboa. Docente do ISEG/UL e Investigador do SOCIUS.

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Publicado

2014-04-01

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